Freshwater Pearls


Freshwater pearls – the organic gemstones that have graced the world with their timeless beauty for centuries. Harvested primarily from freshwater lakes and rivers, predominantly in China, freshwater pearls offer an astonishing array of shapes, sizes, and colors. These natural wonders, unique in their attributes, are a must-have in the world of jewelry, captivating gem collectors, pearl enthusiasts, and style aficionados worldwide.


Freshwater pearls offer a dazzling array of varieties, each with its distinct charm:

  1. Round Freshwater Pearls: The classic choice, these pearls are meticulously cultivated to achieve a perfect round shape, adding timeless elegance to any jewelry piece.
  2. Baroque Freshwater Pearls: Known for their irregular shapes, baroque pearls are unique and intriguing, perfect for those who desire something different.
  3. Biwa Freshwater Pearls: Originating from Lake Biwa in Japan, these pearls are often flat and elongated, presenting an unusual aesthetic.
  4. Coin Freshwater Pearls: Flat and typically circular, these pearls resemble coins and are popular for their contemporary appeal.


Freshwater pearls predominantly hail from China, accounting for nearly 95% of the world’s production. The pearls are cultivated in mollusks known as Hyriopsis cumingii, found abundantly in the country’s freshwater lakes and rivers. Japan was once a significant producer, especially of Biwa pearls, but environmental issues led to a decrease in their production. Other countries like the United States and Australia have also begun producing freshwater pearls, albeit on a smaller scale.

Physical Properties:

The physical properties of freshwater pearls are a testament to their allure:

  1. Size: Freshwater pearls can range in size from about 2mm to 16mm, though the majority tend to fall between 6mm and 7mm.
  2. Shape: They come in a variety of shapes, from perfectly round to semi-round, oval, button, drop, pear, and the unusual shapes of baroque pearls.
  3. Color: Freshwater pearls exhibit a broad spectrum of colors, from classic white and cream to pink, peach, lavender, and even dyed black.
  4. Luster: The luster, or surface sheen, can vary from high to medium, with the most valuable pearls displaying a mirror-like reflection.
  5. Nacre: Unlike saltwater pearls, freshwater pearls are almost entirely nacre, the substance that gives pearls their lustrous appearance. This results in a pearl that is less likely to chip or wear down over time.

Delve into the world of freshwater pearls – a realm of natural beauty, allure, and enduring elegance. Whether you are a jewelry enthusiast, a gem collector, or just someone in love with the classic charm of pearls, freshwater pearls offer a treasure trove of captivating choices.

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